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Vote in All Four Categories

The World Open Water Swimming Association is pleased to present the 2016 WOWSA Award Nominees.

The nominees are presented in the following four categories:

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

Triple Break - Global List Of Prison Island Swims

Courtesy of WOWSA, Huntington Beach, California.

The concept of the Triple Break in the open water swimming world was first proposed by Ned Denison.

Gradually, Denison and Jacquet Tuset have added to the original list of prison island swims. The list has now grown to sites throughout Africa, Europe, the Americas and Oceania.

The Triple Break sites include the following:

Africa
* Mogador Island (Morocco): 2.2 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the late 1800s
* Île de Gorée (Senegal) 5.2 km to mainland, was known as the location of the House of Slaves
* Robben Island (South Africa): 7.4 km to mainland, was the former isolated prison home of Nelson Mandella and other South Africans
* Changuu (Tanzania): 34 km to mainland and 4.5 km to Zanzibar, was used in the 1860s as a prison for rebellious slaves
* Saint Helena (UK Colony in South Atlantic Ocean): 1,800 km to mainland was used as a prison for Napoleon

Australia
* Rottnest Island (Australia): 19.7 km to mainland, was used as an Aboriginal prison between 1838 and 1931 for men and boys
* Fort Denison (Australia): 1 km to mainland, was used as a prison and for hanging in the 1800s
* Cockatoo Island (Australia): 0.5 km to mainland, was used as a prison from 1839 to 1869

Central America
* Isla San Lucas (Costa Rica): 4 km to mainland, was used as a prison 1873 to 1991
* Coiba (Panama): 20 km to mainland, was used as a prison from 1919 to 2004

Europe
* Spitbank Fort (England): 1.3 km to mainland, built in 1878 and served later as a prison
* Île du Levant (France): 12 km to mainland, was used as a children's prison
* Fort Royal de Sainte-Marguerite (France): 1 km to mainland, was used as a military prison and where the famous Man in the iron mask was held captive
* Le Château d’If (France): 5 km to mainland, was a fortress and prison for 400 best know through the novel The Count of Monte Cristo
* Fort Boyard (France): 18 km to mainland, is an oval-shaped fort and military prison
* Brescou Fort (France): 1.5 km to mainland, was used from late 1600s for 200 year as a state prison for crimes such as treason
* Oleron Island (Île d'Oléron) (France): 3 km “organised race” to mainland, was used as a state prison between 1789-1870
* Château du Taureau (France): 0.7 km to mainland, was used in the 1720 as a small prison (10 prisoners maximum)
* Belle-Île (France): 15 km to mainland, was used from 1902 to 1977 for children
* Ile d' Yeu (France): 20 km to mainland, was used until 1950s the 1860s as a state prison – famous for Marshal Petain
* Saint-Martin-de-Ré (France): 16 km to mainland, was used as a transfer prison for convict destines for Devil's Island
* Makronisos (Greece): 5 km to mainland, was used in the 1946-1949 as a prison political prisoners
* Fortress of Bourtzi (Greece): 0.5 km to mainland, was used from the 1865s as a prison
* Spike Island or Inis Píc (Ireland): 2 km off the larger Island of Cobh, was the former isolated prison home of infamous Irish inmates
* Pianosa (Italy): 18 km to mainland, was used from Roman times and later for Mafia members as a prison
* Elba (Italy): 22 km to mainland, was used as Napoleon’s prison
* Grmožur (Montenegro): 1.5 km to mainland, The “Alcatraz” of Montenego from 1843
* Mamula Fortress (Montenegro): 1.2 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the 1800s
* Cabrera (Spain): 25 km to mainland, was used in the early 18060s as a prison during the Napoleonic Wars – once housing 25,000 prisoners
* Tabarca (Spain): 21 km to mainland, was used in the 1700s as a prison
* Isla de San Simón (Spain): 0.4 m to mainland, was used from 838 to 1927 as a prison and leper colony
* Långholmen (Sweden): 0.3 km to the center of Stockholm, was used as a prison for 250 years – closed in 1975

North America
* Alcatraz Island (U.S.A.): 2.3 km to mainland, was the former isolated prison home of Al Capone and other American criminals
* Santa Cruz (USA): 33 km to mainland, was used to house prisoner after Mexico's independence from France
* Fort Warren (USA): 11 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the American Civil War 1862
* Fort Jefferson (USA): 110 km to Key West Florida, was used as a prison for USA Civil War deserters and plotters to kill Abraham Lincoln
* McNeil Island (USA): 4.5 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the 1880s up to 1,200 inmates
* Peddocks Island (USA): 0.4 km to mainland, was used as a prison during World War II for Italian prisoners
* Johnson Island (USA): 5 km to mainland, was used as a prison from 1861 with up 2,500 Conference prisoners

South America
* Devil's Island (French Guiana) 14 km to mainland, was a well-known location of the French penal system and a leper colony
* El Frontón (Peru): 5 km to mainland, was used as a prison until the 20th century

Copyright © 2015 by World Open Water Swimming Association

2 comments:

  1. Fort Andrews, on Peddocks Island in Boston harbor, was also used as a prisoner of war camp, in which at least one thousand Italians captured in North Africa were detained following Mussolini’s surrender to the Allied forces in 1943. My mother, who was a first generation Italian-American and who's first language was Italian, remembered visiting prisoners on the island with my grandmother.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you very much for this addition that was officially added today.

      Delete

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