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Thursday, September 19, 2013

Documenting Shark Attacks

If one encounters a shark, the International Shark Attack File maintained by the American Elasmobranch Society at the Florida Museum of Natural History of the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida conducts an investigation.

Under the direction of George Burgess, the International Shark Attack File is a compilation of all known shark attacks worldwide. It is administered through the auspices of the American Elasmobranch Society, an international organization of leading shark research scientists, and through the Florida Museum of Natural History.

The purpose of the File is to synthesize information surrounding shark attacks in order to gain scientific insight into this phenomenon. Scientific researchers and physicians utilize the File, and access to the data is granted only after careful screening by a scientific panel on a case-by-case basis.

Its questionnaire is submitted by the victim or others in the case of a fatal attack and includes the following questions:

GENERAL OUTCOME OF ATTACK:
( ) Fatal
( ) Non-fatal

RACE AND SEX OF VICTIM:
( ) Male
( ) Female
( ) Caucasian/white
( ) Negroid/black
( ) Mongolian/Oriental
( ) Malayan/Polynesian
( ) Race unknown or other than above (specify if known)

Skin color:
( ) Light
( ) Dark
( ) Tan or equivalently colored naturally
( ) Unevenly tanned

AGE, WEIGHT AND HEIGHT OF VICTIM

NUMBER OF SHARKS INVOLVED
( ) Solitary attacking shark sighted, no other sharks seen in area of attack
( ) Solitary attacking shark sighted, other shark (s) seen in area of attack
( ) More than one shark sighted and considered directly involved in attack

Total number of sharks sighted:

TYPE OF SHARK INVOLVED
( ) The shark was not seen well enough to describe its appearance
( ) At least part of the shark was seen

Please describe with as much detail as possible what the shark(s) looked like (color, shape of body and fins, shape of teeth, etc).Use additional page(s) if necessary:

SHARK BEHAVIOR
( ) Shark seen, but not sufficiently clear for evaluation of behavior

If shark was seen sufficiently clear for evaluation of behavior, please choose one action under each of the following categories:

Shark behavior prior to initial strike:
( ) Circling victim
( ) Following victim closely
( ) Shark in position between victim and barrier or obstacle/beach/reef/boat, etc.
( ) Shark not seen at all prior to contact with victim
( ) Straightaway approach to victim
( ) Straightway approach to victim, passed close by other(s) in water
( ) Swimming erratically
( ) Swimming normally
( ) Behavior unknown
( ) Other (please describe)

Shark behavior at time of initial strike:
( ) Attack did not occur in water
( ) Shark did not contact victim
( ) Minimum of turmoil, victim initially unaware of situation
( ) Sudden violent interaction between shark and victim
( ) Behavior unknown
( ) Other (please describe)

Shark behavior during subsequent strikes:

( ) Attack did not occur in water
( ) Shark made only one strike
( ) Shark made multiple/repeated deliberate strikes
( ) Frenzied behavior
( ) Released initial hold, quickly bit victim again
( ) Behavior unknown
( ) Other (please describe)

Shark behavior after final strike:
( ) Attack did not occur in water
( ) Shark remained attached to victim and had to be forcibly removed
( ) Shark remained in immediate area of attack
( ) Shark followed victim/rescuers towards shore
( ) Shark seen to leave area of attack
( ) Shark not seen after final strike
( ) Shark remained attached to victim after final strike, released hold without use of force by victim/rescuer(s)
( ) Behavior unknown
( ) Other (please describe)

Number of passes and/or number of strikes made by shark:

SIZE OF ATTACKING SHARK
( ) The shark was not seen well enough to estimate it size
( ) The estimated total length of the shark was (________)

LOCATION OF ATTACK

Emergency Treatment Facility
Follow-up Treatment Facility

Photos taken of victim's wounds before and/or after treatment?
(YES) (NO)

If yes, are you willing to send your photos to ISAF?
(YES) (NO) (INCLUDED)

Are you willing to allow ISAF to view your medical records?
(YES) (NO)

CLOTHING/GEAR WORN BY VICTIM
Please describe the type of clothing and/or diving gear worn and used by the victim, including items such as jewelry, etc. Please indicate the color(s) and pattern(s) of clothing:

Please describe the type of gear used, including swim fins, face mask, snorkel, body board, surfboard, kite board, etc. Please be as descriptive as possible and clearly indicate color, pattern, size, length, and number of fins as applicable:

ATTRACTANT/NON-HUMAN PRESENCE
Choose all that apply:
( ) Victim’s blood
( ) Other human blood
( ) Wounded fish/blood
( ) Artificial light (indicate source)
( ) Porpoise
( ) Seal
( ) Fish
( ) Dog/Pet
( ) Other:

ACTIVITY OF VICTIM
How long was the victim in the water prior to the attack?

Choose one activity in one of the following categories:

Wading/sitting activity in shallow water:
( ) Victim in shallow water, no specific activity information
( ) Wading
( ) Erratic splashing, horseplay, etc.
( ) Standing still on bottom
( ) Sitting on bottom
( ) Other shallow water activity than above

Surface activity:
( ) Aboard a boat
( ) Swimming
( ) Floating, little or no motion (including use of flotation gear)
( ) Treading water (including use of flotation gear)
( ) Snorkeling (including use of mask and fins with or without snorkel)
( ) Riding surfboard
( ) Sitting on surfboard with feet dangling
( ) Riding boogie board
( ) Aboard float, raft, innertube, etc.
( ) Body surfing, planing on waves
( ) Other surface activity than above (please list)

Subsurface activity:
( ) Subsurface or diving activity, no details
( ) SCUBA diving
( ) Free diving (no gear) or subsurface swimming
( ) Free diving with mask and/or fins, with or without snorkel
( ) Pearl diving
( ) Hard hat diving
( ) Other diving/subsurface activity than above (please list)

Water entry or exit other than wading:
( ) Entering water (jumping, diving, falling, etc.)
( ) Leaving water (ladder, side of boat, etc.)
( ) Entry or exit other than above (please list)

GENERAL ACTIVITY OF OTHERS NEAR VICTIM
( ) Other person(s) were not nearby
( ) Normal bathing/swimming
( ) Splashing/horseplay, etc.
( ) Thrashing/flailing, etc.
( ) Diving/underwater activities
( ) Wading
( ) Unusually loud voices/noises
( ) Surfing, with or without board
( ) Other activity as specified:

OTHER PERSONS IN WATER
Choose all that apply:

( ) No other persons were within 10 feet of victim
( ) The number of people within 10 feet of victim was (_________)
( ) No other persons were within 10-50 feet of victim
( ) The number of people within 10-50 feet of victim was (_________)
( ) No other persons were in general area of (more than 50 feet away from) victim
( ) The approximate number of people in general area of (more than 50 feet away from) victim was (_______); approximate distances from the victim: (________________________)

FISHING ACTIVITY
( ) No person(s) were fishing
( ) Victim was fishing
( ) Other persons were fishing nearby; approximate distance from victim: (________________)
( ) Fish being hooked
( ) Fish being netted
( ) Spearfishing
( ) Carrying/holding fish
( ) Other fishing activity as specified: ____________________________________________

DIVERSIONARY ACTIONS
( ) No defensive/diversionary actions taken
( ) Defensive/diversionary actions taken by victim
( ) Defensive/diversionary actions taken by rescuer(s)
( ) (Struck) (Kicked) (Poked) the (Eyes) (Gills) (Nose) (circle all actions that apply)
( ) Path blocked
( ) Other aggressive or defensive movements (please specify)

Describe the effectiveness/outcome of these actions:

NARRATIVE
Please describe the circumstances surrounding the attack, including as many details as possible. Use additional pages as necessary. Audio or video tape is acceptable but must be understandable.

Copyright © 2013 by Open Water Swimming

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Thank you very much for your interest in the world of open water swimming.

The Staff of the World Open Water Swimming Association

2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference

Learn more...
Courtesy of WOWSA, Huntington Beach, California.

CLICK HERE TO REGISTER FOR THE CONFERENCE

The Global Open Water Swimming Conference is a conference on the sport of open water swimming, marathon swimming and swimming during triathlons and multi-sport endurance events.

The conference which has been attended by enthusiasts and luminaries from 6 continents, is devoted to providing information about the latest trends, race tactics, training techniques, equipment, psychological preparation, race organization and safety practices used in the sports of open water swimming, marathon swimming and triathlons.

The conference's mission is to provide opportunities to listen and meet many of the world's most foremost experts in open water swimming, and to meet and discuss the sport among swimmers, coaches, administrators, event organizers, sponsors, vendors, officials, escort pilots, and volunteers from kayakers to safety personnel.

Dozens of presentations at the 2014 Conference at the Mount Stuart House cover numerous aspects of the vast and growing world of open water swimming where attendees can learn and share the latest trends, race tactics, training modalities, swimming techniques, equipment, race organization, logistics, operations, and safety practices for open water swimming as a solo swimmer, competitive athlete, fitness swimmer, masters swimmer, triathlete, multi-sport athlete, administrator, race promoter, sponsor or referee.

The conference was first held in Long Beach, California as part of the 2010 USA Swimming National Open Water Swimming Championships. It has since been held on the Queen Mary in California, at Columbia University and the United Nations in New York City, and in Cork, Ireland. This year in September, it comes to another iconic location, the Mount Stuart House on the Isle of Bute in Scotland.

"The Global Open Water Swimming Conference was started due to the desire and need for athletes, coaches, referees, administrators, race directors, promoters and sponsors from around the world to share, collect and learn information about the growing sports of open water swimming, marathon swimming and triathlons," said founder Steven Munatones. "Other swimming conferences usually offering nothing on open water swimming or perhaps a speech or two, but we thought open water swimming deserves its own global conference. It is great that the community shares its information via the online social network, but there is nothing like meeting other open water swimming enthusiasts face-to-face and talking about the sport from morning to night."

Speakers at the conference include English Channel swimmers, ice swimmers, record holders, renowned coaches, world champions, professional marathon swimmers, renowned race directors, officials and administrators from the Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

"Because the audience is passionate and educated about the sport and its finest practitioners, the Global Open Water Swimming Conference is also the location of the induction ceremonies for the International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame and the annual WOWSA Awards that recognize the World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year, the World Open Water Swimming Woman of the Year, the World Open Water Swimming Performance of the Year, and the World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year. Special Lifetime Achievement Awards are also occasionally presented to individuals who have made significant contributions to the sport over their career."

The 2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference Programme

Wednesday, September 17th
Leave Glasgow to commence 2-day tour of Scotland [closest international airport is Glasgow]

Thursday, September 18th
Stay Mainland, North of Scotland

Friday, September 19th
14:00 - Swim Loch Lomond
17:00 - Head to Isle of Bute
19:30 - Scottish Banquet
21:30 - Dinner Dance

Saturday, September 20th
09:00 - Registration & Coffee
10:00 - Speeches
12:20 - Lunch and WOWSA Awards
13:40 – Speeches
15:40 - Round Table
19:00 - International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Dinner & Induction Ceremony

Sunday, September 21st
09:00 - Registration & Coffee
10:00 - Speeches
14:30 - Swim in St Ninian's Bay on the Isle of Bute

The luminaries of the open water swimming world who will be honored in Scotland will include:

* Sandra Bucha (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer and International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* Jon Erikson (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Claudio Plit (Argentina), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Judith van Berkel-de Njis (Netherlands), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* David Yudovin (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Mercedes Gleitze (Great Britain), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* George Young (Canada), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Dale Petranech (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Contributor
* Melissa Cunningham (Australia), 2013 Irving Davids-Captain Roger Wheeler Memorial Award winner
* Vojislav Mijić (Serbia), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* James Anderson (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Administrator
* Dr. Jane Katz (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Administrator
* Indonesian Swimming Federation, , International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Organisation
* Elizabeth Fry (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* Pádraig Mallon (Ireland), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year
* Olga Kozydub (Russia), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Woman of the Year
* Bering Strait Swim (international team), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Performance of the Year
* International Ice Swimming Association (Ram Barkai, founder, South Africa), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year

For additional articles on the 2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference, visit:

* Olga Kozydub To Be Honored In Scotland
* Pádraig Mallon To Be Honored In Mount Stuart Castle
* Mount Stuart House, Splendid Setting For Swimming
* Colleen Blair To Kick-off Global Open Water Swimming Conference
* The Man Who Swims Better Than He Walks
* Joining In The Sea Goddess At The Hall Of Fame
* Mercedes Gleitze To Be Honored In Scotland
* The Incredible Career Of Merceded Gleitze
* Jon Erikson To Be Honoured In Florida
* The Incredible Career Of Mercedes Gleitze
* St Ninian's Bay To Host International Swim Conference

Copyright © 2014 by World Open Water Swimming Association

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Open Water Swimming Magazine


Open Water Swimming Magazine

The Open Water Swimming Magazine is the monthly magazine entirely focused on open water swimming heroes and heroines of every age, ability, and background. Published by the World Open Water Swimming Association, the Open Water Swimming Magazine is a free benefit to WOWSA members.

WOWSA Member Benefits include 12 issues of the Open Water Swimming Magazine, the annual 276-page Open Water Swimming Almanac, a free listing in Sponsor My Swim, outstanding product discounts from FINIS, an entry in Openwaterpedia and more...
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The Other Shore


The Other Shore follows world record holder and legendary swimmer Diana Nyad as she comes out of a thirty-year retirement to re-attempt an elusive dream: swimming 103 miles non-stop from Cuba to Florida without the use of a shark cage. Her past and present collide in her obsession with a feat that nobody has ever accomplished. At the edge of The Devil’s Triangle, tropical storms, sharks, venomous jellyfish, and one of the strongest ocean currents in the world, all prove to be life-threatening realities. Timothy Wheeler’s documentary brings Diana Nyad’s extraordinary adventure to life as Diana sets out to prove that will and determination are all you need to make the unimaginable possible.
LEARN MORE...

2014 Open Water Swimming Almanac



An Almanac for Open Water Swimming

An almanac is essentially a body of knowledge which is so complete that it enables people in different fields to make predictions about the future of their respective industries.

This, for example, was the purpose of the traditional farmers almanacs. It enabled farmers to determine as accurately as possible which crops to plant for the greatest harvests in a given year.

But the farmers almanac was just one example among many.
There are, of course, many different kinds of almanacs.

In fact, there is even one for open water swimming...

Preview the Open Water Swimming Almanac:
https://www.worldopenwaterswimmingassociation.com/preview-open-water-swimming-almanac


The trends are very clear.
The tide is rising for open water swimming.

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