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Friday, August 24, 2012

Survival Swimming In The Outer Limits

For some people, swimming strikes fear in their hearts. NFL All-Pro football player Marcellus Wiley was one of those individuals before he learned how to swim and completed a 1.2-mile ocean swim.

For others, 50 meters is a long way. It is estimated that less than 3% of Americans can swim 500 meters non-stop.

For others, swimming 5 miles is a really long way.

And then there are members of the 24-hour club. These individuals have swum at least 24 hours non-stop in oceans, lakes and rivers.

It is humbling to watch these endurance athletes swim all day and all night. No matter their speed, their tenacity and stamina are indescribable.

International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame swimmer Skip Storch swam continuously for 32 hours 52 minutes in his 137 km triple circumnavigation around Manhattan Island in 2007 and had an earlier attempt to swim from Cuba to Florida. "When a marathon swimmers enters the outer limits of their swimming endurance and pushes their abilities, they become a survival swimmer. That is, they are swimming ineffectively and are swimming to survive. In most instances, survival swimming is a prelude to the swim being terminated."

But a very small fraternity of humans can unlocked their innate abilities and transform themselves into a survival swimmer and push forward when other swimmers would have ended the ordeal earlier.

Storch understands the inherent risk of going to the outer limits of human endurance. "If one becomes a survival swimmer, both the crew and the swimmer must be on full alert and understand the dangers involved. All decisions must be made by an experienced crew without being overruled by the swimmer. Additionally, the swimmer must be able to alter their stroke and breathing patterns. They must take longer and more frequent breaks, occasionally taking different strokes and kicks. They need to make sure not to fatigue, exhaust or injure their muscles while refueling."

Storch has followed these ultra marathoners for decades. "Every swimmer reaches the survival swimming condition at different times based on environmental factors, conditioning, age, physiology and water conditions. In tidal waters, some swimmers know they can survive, recover and still make progress.

I am familiar with survival swimming because I would not quit and put myself in a life-threatening situation. I was lucky to survive the ordeal because I crossed the line."

Members of the 24-hour club:

1. Pedro A Candiotti (Argentina) 281 miles (452 km) downstream in River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1935 in 84 hours
2. Pedro A Candiotti (Argentina) 205 miles (330 km) downstream in River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1943 in 74 hours 30 minutes
3. Charles Zibelman (USA) 288 miles (463 km) downstream in the Hudson River (USA) in 1938 in 74 hours
4. Pedro A Candiotti (Argentina) 211 miles (339 km) downstream in River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1931 in 71 hours 55 minutes
5. Pedro A Candiotti (Argentina) 210 miles (337 km) downstream in River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1930 in 66 hours 15 minutes
6. Vicki Keith (Canada) 49.8 miles (80.2 km, all butterfly) crossing of Lake Ontario (Canada) in 2005 in 63 hours 40 minutes
7. Abdul Latif Abou Heif (Egypt) 285 miles (458 km) downstream in River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1970 in 60 hours
8. Vicki Keith (Canada) 64 miles (103 km) in a two-way crossing of Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1987 in¨56 hours 10 minutes
9. Martin Strel (Slovenia) 100 miles 161 km) from Lignano to Ravenna (Italy) in 1994 in 55 hours 11 minutes
10. Vicki Keith (Canada) 45 miles (72 km) in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1988 in 52 hours 45 minutes
11. Zhang Jian (Japan) 76.5 miles (123 km) in Bohai Bay (China) in 2000 in 50 hours 22 minutes
12. Vicki Keith (Canada) 48 miles (77 km) in Lake Huron (USA-to-Canada) in 1988 in¨46 hours 55 minutes
13. Sean O’Connell (Bermuda) 47 miles (75 km) around Bermuda in 1977 in 43 hours 27 minutes
14. Kevin Murphy (UK) 48 miles (77.2 km in Lake Balaton (Hungary) in 1973 in 43 hours 15 minutes
15. Antonio Abertondo (Argentina, photo above) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1961 in 43 hours 10 minutes
16. Martin Strel (Slovenia) 62.5 miles (100.5 km) from Venice (Italy) to Portorose (Slovenia) in 1996 in 41 hours 11 minutes
17. Jay Serdula (Canada) 28 miles (45 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 2008 in 41 hours 1 minute
18. Penny Palfrey (Australia) 67.2 miles (100.5 km) from Little Cayman to Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands) in 2011 in 40 hours 41 minutes
19. Susie Maroney (Australia) 58 miles (93 km) from Mexico to Cuba in 1998 in 38 hours 33 minutes
20. Jon Erikson (USA) 63 miles (101 km) in a three-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1981 in 38 hours 27 minutes
21. Ted Erikson (USA) 60 miles (96.5 km) in a pro race in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1963 in 37 hours 31 minutes
22. Miyuki Fujita (Japan) 36 mile (58 km) in a three-way crossing of the Tsugaru Channel (Japan) in 2006 in 37 hours 24 minutes
23. Ted Erikson (USA) 36.75 miles (59 km) in a pro race in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1961 in 36 hours 37 minutes
24. Martin Strel (Slovenia) 62.5 miles (100.5 km) from Koper (Slovenia) to Venice (Italy) in 1999 in 36 hours 30 minutes
25. Zhang Jian (China) 42.8 miles (69 km) across Xingkai Lake in 2010 in 36 hours 30 minutes
26. Kevin Murphy (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1975 in 36 hours 3 minutes*
27. Dr. Harry Briggs (USA) 32 miles from Canada to Ohio across Lake Erie in 35 hours 55 minutes
28. Ted Erikson (USA) 50 miles (80.5 km) in a pro race in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1962 in 35 hours 45 minutes
29. Mihir Sen (India) 51 miles (82 km) across the Panama Canal (Pacific-Atlantic Oceans) in 1966 in 35 hours 30 minutes
30. John Munro (Canada) 35 miles (56 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 2003 in 35 hours 15 minutes
31. Kevin Murphy (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1970 in 35 hours 10 minutes
32. Diane Struble (USA) 32 miles (51 km) in Lake George (New York, USA) in 1958 in 35 hours
33. Lisa Cummins (Ireland) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2009 in 35 hours
34. Alison Streeter MBE (UK) 63 miles (101 km) in a three-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1990 in 34 hours 40 minutes
35. Abdul Latif Abou Heif (Egypt) 60 miles (96.5 km) in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1963 in 34 hours 38 minutes
36. Cindy Cleveland (USA) 48 miles (77 km) in a circumnavigation around Catalina Island (California, USA) in 1979 in 34 hours 24 minutes
37. Paul Chotteau (France) 20.2 miles (32.5 km) in a crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 1936 in 33 hours 50 minutes
38. Stacy Chanin (USA) 60.9 miles (98 km) in a triple circumnavigation of Manhattan Island (New York, USA) in 1984 in 33 hours 30 minutes
39. Yuko Matsuzaki (Japan) 51.5 miles (83 km) in Lake Cane (Florida, USA) in 2008 in 33 hours 24 minutes
40. Skip Storch (USA) 85.5 miles (137 km) in a triple circumnavigation around Manhattan Island (New York, USA) in 2007 in 32 hours 52 minutes
41. Carlos Costa (Canada) 28 miles (45 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1993 in 32 hours 43 minutes
42. Kevin Murphy (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1987 in 32 hours 42 minutes
43. Jenna Lambert (Canada) 20.7 miles (33 km) across the east end of Lake Ontario (Canada) in 2006 in 32 hours 18 minutes
44. Jose Cortinas (Cuba) 20.2 miles (32.5 km) in a crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 1953 in 32 hours 10 minutes
45. Ray Gandy (USA) 46 miles (74 km) in a two-way crossing of Lake Memphremagog (Vermont, USA to Quebec, Canada) in 2012 in 31 hours 5 minutes
46. Vicki Keith (Canada) 32 miles (51 km all butterfly) in a crossing of Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1989 in¨31 hours
47. Greta Andersen (USA) 50 miles (80.5 km) in a pro race in Lake Michigan (Illinois, USA) in 1962 in 31 hours
48. Ted Erikson (USA) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1965 in 30 minutes 3 minutes
49. Antonio Abertondo (Argentina) 50 miles (80.5 km) across the River de la Plata (Uruguay-Argentina) in 1950s in 30 hours
50. Yuko Matsuzaki (Japan) 51.5 miles (83 km) in Lake Cane (Florida, USA) in 2007 in 29 hours 55 minutes
51. Jon Erikson (USA) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1975 in 29 hours 50 minutes
52. Martin Strel (Slovenia) 48 miles (78 km) from Africa to Europe in 1997 in 29 hours 36 minutes
53. Abdul Latif Abou Heif (Egypt) in Montreal (Canada) in 1966 in 29 hours
54. Kim Middleton (Canada) 31.7 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1993 in 29 hours
55. Jose Cortinas (Cuba) 20.2 miles (32.5 km) in a crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 1952 in 28 hours 55 minutes
56. Jackie Cobell (UK) 21 miles (33.7 km) across the English Channel (England-France) in 2010 in 28 hours 44 minutes
57. Anne Cleveland (USA) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2004 in 28 hours 36 minutes
58. Philip Rush (New Zealand) 63 miles 102 km) in a three-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1987 in 28 hours 21 minutes
59. Martin Strel (Slovenia) 65 miles (105 km) down the Krka River (Slovenia) in 1992 in 28 hours
60. Ray Gandy (USA) 45.6 miles (73 km) in Narraganset Bay (Rhode Island, USA) in 2011 in 27 hours 42 minutes
61. Liane Llewellyn (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2009 in 27 hours 35 minutes
62. Diana Nyad (USA) 102 miles (164 km) from the North Bimini Island (Bahamas) to Florida (USA) in 1979 in 27 hours 30 minutes
63. Des Renford MBE (Australia) 58 miles (93 km) from Sydney Harbour to North Wollongong Harbour (Australia) in 1974 in 27 hours 29 minutes
64. Nick Adams (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 1995 in 27 hours 28 minutes
65. Rick Goodwin (Canada) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1994 in 27 hours 6 minutes
66. Vicki Keith (Canada) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1986 in 26 hours 59 minutes
67. Greta Andersen (USA/Denmark) 40.4 miles (65 km) in a two-way crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 26 hours 53 minutes
68. Kevin Murphy (UK) 56 miles (90 km) around the Isle of Wight (UK) in 1971 in 26 hours 51 minutes
69. Henry Sullivan (USA) 21 miles (33.7 km) in a crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 26 hours 50 minutes
70. John Bulsza (USA) 34.5 miles (55 km) across Lake Huron (USA-to-Canada) in 1996 in 26 hours 49 minutes
71. Kim Lumsdon (Canada) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1994 in 26 hours 14 minutes
72. Michael Read MBE (UK) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a four-way crossing of Windermere (England) in 1972 in 26 hours 16 minutes
73. Kim Middleton (Canada) 29 miles (47 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1994 in 26 hours 14 minutes
74. Stuart Johnson (Australia) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2011 in 25 hours 50 minutes
75. Mihir Sen (India) 35 miles (56 km) across the Palk Strait from India to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in 25 hours 44 minutes
76. Shelagh Freedman (Canada) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1993 in 26 hours 3 minutes
77. Paula Stephanson (Canada) 31.9 miles (51 km) across Lake Michigan (USA) in 2009 in 25 hours 38 minutes
78. Forrest Nelson (USA) 48 miles (77 km) in a circumnavigation around Catalina Island (California, USA) in 2011 in 25 hours 35 minutes
79. Attila Manyoki (Hungary) 49.7 miles (80 km) in Lake Balaton (Hungary) in 2008 in 25 hours 32 minutes
80. Bob Weir (Canada) 35 miles (56 km) across Lakes Couchiching/Simcoe (Canada) in 1991 in 25 hours 8 minutes
81. Bill Sadlo (America) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 1957 in 25 hours 1 minute
82. Palmer Donnelly (USA) 35 miles (56 km) around Staten Island (New York, USA) in 1961 in 25 hours
83. Elizabeth Fry (USA) 42 miles (67.5 km) in a two-way crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2011 in 24 hours 41 minutes
84. Michael Read MBE (UK) 56 miles (90 km) around the Isle of Wight (UK) in 1972 in 24 hours 36 minutes
85. Cindy Cleveland (USA) 40.2 miles (65 km) in a two-way crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 1977 in 24 hours 30 minutes
86. Susanne Robinson (Canada) 32 miles (51 km) across Lake Ontario (Canada) in 2010 in 24 hours 28 minutes
87. Lilian Harrison (Argentina) 30 miles (49 km) swam the river Plate (Uruguay) in 1923 in 24 hours 19 minutes
88. John Muenzer (USA) 36 miles (57.9 km) across Lake Erie (Canada to USA) in 24 hours 12 minutes
89. Anna McClarnon (UK) 21 miles (33.7 km) in a crossing of the English Channel (England-France) in 2002 in 24 hours 8 minutes
90. Enrique Tirabocchi (Italy) 32 miles (51.9 km) down the River de la Plata (Argentina) in 1920 in 24 hours 2 minutes
91. Amy Hiland (USA) 20.2 miles (32.5 km) in a crossing of the Catalina Channel (California, USA) in 1958 in 24 hours 25 seconds

Murphy's 1975 swim was notable because he was ordered out of the water because of bad weather after swimming non-stop for 52 hours 30 minutes when he was halfway back on his third leg. "I think my 52½ hours in the sea for that first three-way attempt was my best ever swim - which is odd really because it ended in failure. I do like to think it moved the goalposts and proved that a three-way could be done, but it took the likes of Jon Erikson, Philip Rush and Alison Streeter to do that."

Skip Storch will participate in the 2012 Global Open Water Swimming Conference as will a number of other 24-hour club members (Michael Read MBE, Forrest Nelson, Greta Andersen and Martin Strel.

Copyright © 2012 by World Open Water Swimming Association

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The Staff of the World Open Water Swimming Association

2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference

Learn more...
Courtesy of WOWSA, Huntington Beach, California.

CLICK HERE TO REGISTER FOR THE CONFERENCE

The Global Open Water Swimming Conference is a conference on the sport of open water swimming, marathon swimming and swimming during triathlons and multi-sport endurance events.

The conference which has been attended by enthusiasts and luminaries from 6 continents, is devoted to providing information about the latest trends, race tactics, training techniques, equipment, psychological preparation, race organization and safety practices used in the sports of open water swimming, marathon swimming and triathlons.

The conference's mission is to provide opportunities to listen and meet many of the world's most foremost experts in open water swimming, and to meet and discuss the sport among swimmers, coaches, administrators, event organizers, sponsors, vendors, officials, escort pilots, and volunteers from kayakers to safety personnel.

Dozens of presentations at the 2014 Conference at the Mount Stuart House cover numerous aspects of the vast and growing world of open water swimming where attendees can learn and share the latest trends, race tactics, training modalities, swimming techniques, equipment, race organization, logistics, operations, and safety practices for open water swimming as a solo swimmer, competitive athlete, fitness swimmer, masters swimmer, triathlete, multi-sport athlete, administrator, race promoter, sponsor or referee.

The conference was first held in Long Beach, California as part of the 2010 USA Swimming National Open Water Swimming Championships. It has since been held on the Queen Mary in California, at Columbia University and the United Nations in New York City, and in Cork, Ireland. This year in September, it comes to another iconic location, the Mount Stuart House on the Isle of Bute in Scotland.

"The Global Open Water Swimming Conference was started due to the desire and need for athletes, coaches, referees, administrators, race directors, promoters and sponsors from around the world to share, collect and learn information about the growing sports of open water swimming, marathon swimming and triathlons," said founder Steven Munatones. "Other swimming conferences usually offering nothing on open water swimming or perhaps a speech or two, but we thought open water swimming deserves its own global conference. It is great that the community shares its information via the online social network, but there is nothing like meeting other open water swimming enthusiasts face-to-face and talking about the sport from morning to night."

Speakers at the conference include English Channel swimmers, ice swimmers, record holders, renowned coaches, world champions, professional marathon swimmers, renowned race directors, officials and administrators from the Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

"Because the audience is passionate and educated about the sport and its finest practitioners, the Global Open Water Swimming Conference is also the location of the induction ceremonies for the International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame and the annual WOWSA Awards that recognize the World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year, the World Open Water Swimming Woman of the Year, the World Open Water Swimming Performance of the Year, and the World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year. Special Lifetime Achievement Awards are also occasionally presented to individuals who have made significant contributions to the sport over their career."

The 2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference Programme

Wednesday, September 17th
Leave Glasgow to commence 2-day tour of Scotland [closest international airport is Glasgow]

Thursday, September 18th
Stay Mainland, North of Scotland

Friday, September 19th
14:00 - Swim Loch Lomond
17:00 - Head to Isle of Bute
19:30 - Scottish Banquet
21:30 - Dinner Dance

Saturday, September 20th
09:00 - Registration & Coffee
10:00 - Speeches
12:20 - Lunch and WOWSA Awards
13:40 – Speeches
15:40 - Round Table
19:00 - International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Dinner & Induction Ceremony

Sunday, September 21st
09:00 - Registration & Coffee
10:00 - Speeches
14:30 - Swim in St Ninian's Bay on the Isle of Bute

The luminaries of the open water swimming world who will be honored in Scotland will include:

* Sandra Bucha (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer and International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* Jon Erikson (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Claudio Plit (Argentina), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Judith van Berkel-de Njis (Netherlands), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* David Yudovin (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Mercedes Gleitze (Great Britain), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* George Young (Canada), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Swimmer
* Dale Petranech (U.S.A.), International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Open Water Contributor
* Melissa Cunningham (Australia), 2013 Irving Davids-Captain Roger Wheeler Memorial Award winner
* Vojislav Mijić (Serbia), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* James Anderson (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Administrator
* Dr. Jane Katz (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Administrator
* Indonesian Swimming Federation, , International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Organisation
* Elizabeth Fry (U.S.A.), International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honour Swimmer
* Pádraig Mallon (Ireland), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Man of the Year
* Olga Kozydub (Russia), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Woman of the Year
* Bering Strait Swim (international team), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Performance of the Year
* International Ice Swimming Association (Ram Barkai, founder, South Africa), the 2013 World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year

For additional articles on the 2014 Global Open Water Swimming Conference, visit:

* Olga Kozydub To Be Honored In Scotland
* Pádraig Mallon To Be Honored In Mount Stuart Castle
* Mount Stuart House, Splendid Setting For Swimming
* Colleen Blair To Kick-off Global Open Water Swimming Conference
* The Man Who Swims Better Than He Walks
* Joining In The Sea Goddess At The Hall Of Fame
* Mercedes Gleitze To Be Honored In Scotland
* The Incredible Career Of Merceded Gleitze
* Jon Erikson To Be Honoured In Florida
* The Incredible Career Of Mercedes Gleitze
* St Ninian's Bay To Host International Swim Conference

Copyright © 2014 by World Open Water Swimming Association

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The Open Water Swimming Magazine is the monthly magazine entirely focused on open water swimming heroes and heroines of every age, ability, and background. Published by the World Open Water Swimming Association, the Open Water Swimming Magazine is a free benefit to WOWSA members.

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2014 Open Water Swimming Almanac



An Almanac for Open Water Swimming

An almanac is essentially a body of knowledge which is so complete that it enables people in different fields to make predictions about the future of their respective industries.

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The trends are very clear.
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