1. Tools includes the feeding instrument (feeding stick, hand-to-hand, rope-attached cup), the marine vessel (boat, kayak, paddle board, pontoon, pier) and feeding vessel (cup, gel pack, water bottle, portable camel back).
2. Technique includes how to position the body, how to grab the feeding vessel, how to return the feeding vessel using the following four steps:
(a) Seek and Spot
(b) Reach and Roll
(c) Gulp and Go
(d) Toss and Turn
3. Timing includes the amount of time between feedings, the amount of time of the feedings, and the amount of time since the start and from the estimated finish
4. Tactics includes when to feed depending on whether the swim is a competitive race, a relay or there are currents, chop or waves involved in a solo swim
5. Turf includes the water conditions in terms of waves, swells, chop, temperature and marine life
6. Taste includes how the swimmer feels (warm, cold, stressed physically, frustrated) and what tey need during their swim (more hydration, more carbohydrates, a boost through their favorite food or medication)
The Open Water Source coaches believe there is a delicate balance between what swimmers need physically and what soothes them psychologically. So, for example, while many athletes only use scientifically balanced gel packs, after hours of sucking down gel packs and other nutritionally formulated electrolyte drinks, sometimes the athlete is best served by a simple piece of chocolate, their favorite cookie, Coca-cola, plain pasta, a peanut butter and jelly sandwich wedge or hot chocolate with whipped cream. Because open water swimming is such a mentally driven athletic endeavor, these commonly available foods and drinks can satisfy athletes in ways that a packaged gel pack cannot.
The techniques advocated by Open Water Source includes a four-step feeding process in order to feed quickly:
1. Seek and Spot - as the swimmer approaches the feeding pontoon or escort boat, they lift their head to spot their coach and seek out exactly where they must go, taking into account surface chop, swells and their relative position in the water versus the escort boat or feeding station.
2. Reach and Roll - as the swimmer approaches the coach, he/she reaches up to grab their cup or bottle, from a
3. Gulp and Go - they firmly grab the cup, tilting the lip of the cup or bottle within their open mouth, and then gulp.
As long as a majority of the contents of the cup are consumed, the feeding is deemed successful.
4. Toss and Turn - after the contents of the cup or bottle are consumed, the swimmer immediately tosses the cup and turns to go.
The swimmers assume that the cup will be picked up by their coach or volunteers at the race or on the escort boat.
Once this skill is practiced and the timing with the swimmer's coach is perfected, the process often takes no more than 2-3 seconds from the time the athlete reaches for the cup and he/she is back on their way.
In the Reach and Roll phase, it is important to grab the cup so the swimmer's palm of their hand covers the top of the cup, especially when there is surface chop or ocean swells.
The hand on top often prevents the contents of the cup from spilling (too much). In the Gulp and Go phase, the swimmer can also consume an aspirin, chocolate, banana or gel that is pre-mixed inside their drink, so they simultaneously consume both solids and liquids, saving time and eliminating the need to use two hands and go vertical.
Photos by Dr. Jim Miller are of the female swimmers during the 25K race at the 2007 World Swimming Championships.
Copyright © 2011 by Open Water Source